Time’s Persons of the Year List

Times Magazine Persons of the Year Award Recipient List

(In Date Order)

Persons of the Year

Year Choice Lifetime Notes
1927 Charles Lindbergh 1902–1974 In 1927, Lindbergh became the first person to fly a plane solo non-stop across the Atlantic, from New York to Paris.
1928 Walter Chrysler 1875–1940 In 1928, Chrysler oversaw a merger of his Chrysler Corporation with Dodge before beginning work on the Chrysler Building.
1929 Owen D. Young 1874–1962 Young chaired a committee which authored 1929’s Young Plan, a program for settlement of German reparations after World War I.
1930 Mahatma Gandhi 1869–1948 Gandhi was the leader of the India’s independence movement. In 1930, he led the Salt Satyagraha, a 240-mile march to protest the imposition of taxes on salt by the British Raj.
1931 Pierre Laval 1883–1945 Laval was first elected Prime Minister of France in 1931. Laval was popular in the American press at the time for opposing the Hoover Moratorium, a temporary freeze on World War I debt payments that was disliked in both France and the US.
1932 Franklin D. Roosevelt 1882–1945 Roosevelt won the 1932 US Presidential election by a landslide, defeating the incumbent, Herbert Hoover.
1933 Hugh S. Johnson 1882–1942 In 1933, Johnson was appointed director of the National Recovery Administration, tasked by US President Franklin D. Roosevelt to bring industry, labor and government together to create codes of “fair practices” and set prices.
1934 Franklin D. Roosevelt (2) 1882–1945 Roosevelt was President of the United States from 1933 to 1945.
1935 Haile Selassie I 1892–1975 Selassie was Emperor of Ethiopia in 1935, when Italian forces invaded Ethiopia, starting the Second Italo-Abyssinian War.
1936 Wallis Simpson 1896–1986 In 1936, Simpson’s relationship with King Edward VIII led the king to abdicate his thrones in order to marry her.
1937 Chiang Kai-shek 1887–1975 Chiang was Premier of the Republic of China at the outbreak of the Second Sino-Japanese War in 1937.
Soong Mei-ling 1898–2003 Soong was wife of Chiang Kai-shek from 1927 until his death in 1975. Addressed as Madame Chiang Kai-Shek by the magazine, she was recognized together with her husband as “Man & Wife of the Year”.
1938 Adolf Hitler 1889–1945 As German Chancellor, Hitler oversaw the unification of Germany with Austria and the Sudetenland in 1938, after the Anschluss and Munich Agreement respectively.
1939 Joseph Stalin 1878–1953 In 1939, Stalin was General Secretary of the Communist Party and de facto leader of the Soviet Union. He oversaw the signing of a non-aggression pact with Nazi Germany before invading eastern Poland.
1940 Winston Churchill 1874–1965 Churchill was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom during the 1940 Dunkirk evacuation and the Battle of Britain.
1941 Franklin D. Roosevelt (3) 1882–1945 Roosevelt was President of the United States in 1941 during the attack on Pearl Harbor, declaration of war against Japan and resulting entry of the United States into World War II. The editors had already chosen Dumbo as their “Mammal of the Year” before the Pearl Harbor attack, but quickly changed it to Roosevelt afterward (and before it was published).[17]
1942 Joseph Stalin (2) 1878–1953 By 1942, Stalin was Premier of the Soviet Union, overseeing the Battle of Stalingrad (1942–1943).
1943 George Marshall 1880–1959 As United States Army Chief of Staff in 1943, General Marshall was instrumental in organizing US actions in World War II.
1944 Dwight D. Eisenhower 1890–1969 General Eisenhower was Supreme Allied Commander in Europe during 1944’s Operation Overlord.
1945 Harry S Truman 1884–1972 Truman became President of the United States after the death of Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1945, authorizing the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
1946 James F. Byrnes 1879–1972 In 1946, Byrnes was United States Secretary of State during the Iran crisis of 1946, taking an increasingly hardline position in opposition to Stalin. His speech, “Restatement of Policy on Germany”, set the tone of future US policy, repudiating the Morgenthau Plan economic policies and giving Germans hope for the future.
1947 George Marshall (2) 1880–1959 Appointed United States Secretary of State in 1947, Marshall was the architect of the Marshall Plan.
1948 Harry S. Truman (2) 1884–1972 Truman was elected in his own right as President of the United States in 1948, considered to be the greatest election upset in American history.
1949 Winston Churchill (2) 1874–1965 Proclaimed as the “Man of the half-century”, Churchill had led Britain and the Allies to victory in WWII. In 1949, Churchill was Leader of the Opposition.
1950 The American fighting-man Representing U.S. troops involved in the Korean War (1950–1953).
1951 Mohammad Mossadegh 1882–1967 In 1951, Mossadegh was elected as Prime Minister of Iran and expelled western oil companies, starting the Abadan Crisis
1952 Elizabeth II Born in 1926 In 1952, Elizabeth acceded to the throne of the United Kingdom upon the death of her father, King George VI
1953 Konrad Adenauer 1876–1967 In 1953, Adenauer was re-elected as Chancellor of Germany.
1954 John Foster Dulles 1888–1959 As United States Secretary of State in 1954, Dulles was architect of the Southeast Asia Treaty Organization.
1955 Harlow Curtice 1893–1962 Curtice was President of General Motors (GM) from 1953 to 1958. In 1955, GM sold five million vehicles and became the first corporation to earn US$1 billion in a single year.[21]
1956 The Hungarian freedom fighter Representing Hungarian revolutionaries involved in the failed 1956 uprising.
1957 Nikita Khrushchev 1894–1971 In 1957, Khrushchev consolidated his leadership of the Soviet Union, surviving a plot to dismiss him by members of the Presidium, and leading the Soviet Union into the Space Race with the launch of Sputnik 1.
1958 Charles de Gaulle 1890–1970 De Gaulle was appointed Prime Minister of France in May 1958 and, following the collapse of the Fourth Republic and establishment of the Fifth Republic, was then elected President of France in December.
1959 Dwight D. Eisenhower (2) 1890–1969 Eisenhower was President of the United States from 1953 to 1961.
1960 U.S. Scientists Represented by George Beadle, Charles Draper, John Enders, Donald A. Glaser, Joshua Lederberg, Willard Libby, Linus Pauling, Edward Purcell, Isidor Rabi, Emilio Segrè, William Shockley, Edward Teller, Charles Townes, James Van Allen and Robert Woodward.
1961 John F. Kennedy 1917–1963 Kennedy was inaugurated as President of the United States in 1961, ordering the failed invasion of Cuba by U.S.-trained Cuban exiles.
1962 Pope John XXIII 1881–1963 John XXIII was head of the Roman Catholic Church from 1958 to 1963. In 1962, he volunteered as a mediator in the Cuban Missile Crisis, gaining praise from both sides.
1963 Martin Luther King, Jr. 1929–1968 An African-American civil rights leader, King delivered his famous “I Have a Dream” speech in 1963.
1964 Lyndon B. Johnson 1908–1973 Johnson was elected in his own right as President of the United States in 1964, before securing the passage of the Civil Rights Act, declaring a War on Poverty and escalating U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War.
1965 William Westmoreland 1914–2005 General Westmoreland was commander of U.S. forces in South Vietnam during the Vietnam War.
1966 The Inheritor Representing a generation of American men and women, aged 25 and under.
1967 Lyndon B. Johnson (2) 1908–1973 Johnson was President of the United States from 1963 to 1969.
1968 The Apollo 8 astronauts In 1968, the crew of Apollo 8 (William Anders, Frank Borman and Jim Lovell) became the first humans to travel beyond low Earth orbit, orbiting the Moon and paving the way for the first manned Moon landings in 1969.
1969 The Middle Americans Also referred to as the silent majority.[22]
1970 Willy Brandt 1913–1992 As Chancellor of Germany, Brandt was acknowledged for “seeking to bring about a fresh relationship between East and West” through his “bold approach to the Soviet Union and the East Bloc“.[23]
1971 Richard Nixon 1913–1994 Nixon was President of the United States from 1969 to 1974.
1972 Richard Nixon (2) 1913–1994 As President of the United States, Nixon visited China in 1972, the first U.S. President to do so. Nixon later secured the SALT I pact with the Soviet Union before being re-elected in one of the largest landslide election victories in American history
Henry Kissinger Born in 1923 Kissinger, as Nixon’s National Security Advisor, travelled with the President to China in 1972.
1973 John Sirica 1904–1992 In 1973, as Chief Judge of the United States District Court for the District of Columbia, Sirica ordered President Nixon to turn over Watergate-related recordings of White House conversations.
1974 King Faisal 1906–1975 Faisal, King of Saudi Arabia, was acknowledged in the wake of the oil crisis of 1973–1974, caused by Saudi Arabia withdrawing its oil from world markets in protest at Western support for Israel during the 1973 Arab-Israeli War.
1975 American women Represented by Susan Brownmiller, Kathleen Byerly, Alison Cheek, Jill Conway, Betty Ford, Ella Grasso, Carla Hills, Barbara Jordan, Billie Jean King, Carol Sutton, Susie Sharp, and Addie Wyatt.
1976 Jimmy Carter Born in 1924 In 1976, Carter was elected President of the United States, defeating incumbent President Gerald Ford.
1977 Anwar Sadat 1918–1981 Sadat, as President of Egypt, traveled to Israel in 1977—the first Arab leader to do so—to discuss normalization of Egypt-Israel relations.
1978 Deng Xiaoping 1904–1997 Deng overthrew Hua Guofeng to assume de facto control over China in 1978, as Paramount Leader.
1979 Ayatollah Khomeini 1902–1989 Khomeini led the 1979 Iranian Revolution, establishing himself as Supreme Leader.
1980 Ronald Reagan 1911–2004 Reagan was elected President of the United States in 1980, defeating incumbent President Carter by a landslide.
1981 Lech Wałęsa Born in 1943 Leader of the Polish Solidarity trade union and architect of the Gdańsk Agreement until his arrest and the imposition of martial law in December 1981.
1982 The Computer Denoted “Machine of the Year” to herald the dawn of the Information Age.
1983 Ronald Reagan (2) 1911–2004 In 1983, as President of the United States, Reagan ordered the invasion of Grenada and championed the Strategic Defense Initiative.
Yuri Andropov 1914–1984 Andropov, as Soviet leader, was a strong critic of the Strategic Defense Initiative. Andropov was hospitalized in August 1983 and died in 1984.
1984 Peter Ueberroth Born in 1937 Ueberroth orchestrated the organization of the 1984 Summer Olympics, which involved a Soviet-led boycott.
1985 Deng Xiaoping (2) 1904–1997 As Paramount Leader of China, Deng was acknowledged for “sweeping economic reforms that have challenged Marxist orthodoxies”.[24]
1986 Corazon C. Aquino 1933–2009 Aquino was a prominent figure in 1986’s People Power Revolution, being elected President of the Philippines.
1987 Mikhail Gorbachev Born in 1931 As leader of the Soviet Union, Gorbachev oversaw Perestroika political reforms in 1987.
1988 The Endangered Earth Planet of the Year, involving an aspect of Mother Nature.
1989 Mikhail Gorbachev (2) Born in 1931 Acknowledged as “Man of the Decade”. Gorbachev, as Soviet leader, oversaw 1989’s first free Soviet elections before the fragmentation of the Eastern Bloc.
1990 George H. W. Bush Born in 1924 As President of the United States, Bush oversaw U.S. involvement in the Gulf War (1990–1991).
1991 Ted Turner Born in 1938 Founder of CNN.
1992 Bill Clinton Born in 1946 Clinton was elected President of the United States in 1992.
1993 The Peacemakers Represented by Yasser Arafat, F. W. de Klerk, Nelson Mandela and Yitzhak Rabin.
De Klerk, as State President of South Africa, oversaw Mandela’s release from prison in 1990. The pair worked together to end the Apartheid system.
Arafat, as President of the Palestinian National Authority, and Rabin, as Prime Minister of Israel, signed the 1993 Oslo Accord, the first face-to-face agreement between Palestinian and Israeli authorities.
1994 Pope John Paul II 1920–2005 Head of the Roman Catholic Church from 1978 to 2005.
1995 Newt Gingrich Born in 1943 Leader of the “Republican Revolution“, a Republican party election landslide, which led to Gingrich being elected Speaker of the House.
1996 David Ho Born in 1952 Ho, a scientist, pioneered much AIDS research.
1997 Andrew Grove 1936–2016 In 1997, Grove was Chairman and CEO of Intel, recognized as a pioneer in the semiconductor industry.
1998 Bill Clinton (2) Born in 1946 As President of the United States, Clinton was impeached in 1998 following the Lewinsky scandal. The Senate acquitted him of the charges.
Ken Starr Born in 1946 Starr, a lawyer investigating various figures within the Clinton administration, published his Starr Report in 1998, opening the door for the impeachment of Bill Clinton.
1999 Jeffrey P. Bezos Born in 1964 Bezos is founder and CEO of Amazon.com.
2000 George W. Bush Born in 1946 In 2000, Bush was elected President of the United States following an allegation of miscount in the Florida recount scandal.
2001 Rudolph Giuliani Born in 1944 Giuliani was Mayor of New York City at the time of the September 11 attacks in 2001.
2002 The Whistleblowers Represented by Cynthia Cooper, Coleen Rowley and Sherron Watkins.
In 2001, Watkins uncovered accounting irregularities in the financial reports of Enron, testifying before Congressional committees the following year. In 2002, Cooper exposed a $3.8 billion fraud at WorldCom. At the time, this was the largest incident of accounting fraud in U.S. history. In 2002, Rowley, an FBI agent, gave testimony about the FBI’s mishandling of information related to the September 11 attacks of 2001.
2003 The American soldier Representing U.S. forces around the world, especially in the Iraq War (2003–2011).
2004 George W. Bush (2) Born in 1946 In 2004, Bush was re-elected President of the United States, overseeing U.S. involvement in the Iraq War.
2005 The Good Samaritans Represented by Bono, Bill Gates and Melinda Gates.
Bono, philanthropist and member of the rock band U2, helped to organise the 2005 Live 8 concerts. Bill Gates, founder of Microsoft and richest person in the world, and his wife Melinda, founded the philanthropic Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.
2006 You Representing individual content creators on the World Wide Web.
2007 Vladimir Putin Born in 1952 In 2007, Putin was serving as President of Russia.
2008 Barack Obama Born in 1961 In 2008, Obama was elected President of the United States, becoming the first African-American U.S. President in January 2009.
2009 Ben Bernanke Born in 1953 Chairman of the Federal Reserve during the Financial crisis of 2007–08.
2010 Mark Zuckerberg Born in 1984 Founder of social-networking website Facebook.
2011 The Protester Representing many global protest movements — for example, the Arab Spring, the Indignants Movement, the Occupy Movement and the Tea Party movement — as well as protests in Chile, Greece, India and Russia among others.
2012 Barack Obama (2) Born in 1961 In 2012, Obama was re-elected President of the United States.
2013 Pope Francis Born in 1936 Elected head of the Roman Catholic Church in 2013, following the resignation of Pope Benedict XVI.
2014 Ebola fighters “Ebola fighters” refers to health care workers who helped stop the spread of ebola virus disease during the Ebola virus epidemic in West Africa, including not only doctors and nurses, but also ambulance attendants, burial parties and others.Represented on the covers by Dr. Jerry Brown, the medical director at the Eternal Love Winning Africa Hospital in Monrovia, Liberia, Dr. Kent Brantly, a physician with Samaritan’s Purse and the first American to be infected in the 2014 outbreak, Ella Watson-Stryker, a health promoter for Doctors Without Borders who is originally from the United States, Foday Gallah, an ambulance supervisor and Ebola survivor from Monrovia, Liberia, and Salome Karmah, a trainee nurse and counselor from Liberia whose parents died of Ebola, as well as others mentioned in the article itself, such as Dr. Pardis Sabeti from the Broad Institute.
2015 Angela Merkel Born in 1954 Chancellor of Germany since 2005, recognized for leadership in the Greek debt crisis and European migrant crisis.
2016 Donald Trump Born in 1946 In 2016, Trump was elected President of the United States, the first time someone without a political or military background had won.