The Pentagon is facing growing scrutiny over whether it is doing enough to protect service members from the coronavirus.
The questions were amplified this week as a Navy captain dramatically warned about an outbreak on his aircraft carrier — and the Navy subsequently fired him in equally dramatic fashion.
After the captain’s firing, House Armed Services Committee Chairman Adam SmithDavid (Adam) Adam SmithOvernight Defense: Aircraft carrier captain removed from duty after pleading for help with outbreak | Trump to expand use of defense law to build ventilators | Hospital ships receiving few patients Aircraft carrier captain removed from duty after pleading for help with coronavirus outbreak Top Armed Services Republican unveils proposals on military families, acquisition reform MORE (D-Wash.) and three subcommittee chairmen said they were “concerned about the lack of guidance from Department of Defense leadership” and that Defense Secretary Mark EsperMark EsperPentagon may treat coronavirus patients aboard Navy hospital ship A defining moment in our medical supply chain crisis Military personnel to handle coronavirus patients at facilities in NYC, New Orleans and Dallas MORE is “forcing” commanders “to make decisions on matters outside of their expertise while under immense pressure.”
More broadly, the number of infected service members is nearing 1,000, raising questions about whether the military is placing too much emphasis on remaining postured for a potential war at the expense of troops’ health.
Esper has defended the Pentagon’s response to the crisis, and he and other officials repeatedly have said their top priority is protecting personnel.
At the same time, Esper has stressed the military must maintain its readiness to fight a war.
“There seems to be this narrative out there that we should just shut down the entire United States military and address the problem that way,” he said at a White House briefing this week. “That’s not feasible. We have a mission. Our mission is to protect the United States of America and our people, and so we live and work in cramped quarters, whether it’s an aircraft carrier, a submarine, a tank, a bomber. It’s the nature of our business.”
Esper added he’s “confident” commanders are “taking every reasonable precaution” to follow social distancing guidelines and sanitize their environments.
Rep. Mac ThornberryWilliam (Mac) McClellan ThornberryTop Armed Services Republican unveils proposals on military families, acquisition reform House panel delays consideration of annual defense policy bill Congressionally created commission recommends requiring that women register for draft MORE (R-Texas), the top Republican on the House Armed Services Committee, suggested this week he thinks the Pentagon could have been doing more earlier but added that the slow reaction is a nationwide issue.
“I think we, the whole society, including the military, has been playing catch-up on COVID-19 because we have never seen anything like this before,” he said on a conference call with reporters in response to a question from The Hill. “So I don’t think you could say that any of us have done enough.”
“You can always, with the benefit of 20/20 hindsight, [say] ‘Well, you should have made that decision two weeks ago,’ but I don’t know. This thing’s moving so fast and is so challenging. I want to be a little bit careful before I’m too critical,” he added.
Finding a balance between maintaining readiness and protecting service members’ health, he said, is “tough.”
“We don’t want to give adversaries an opening, and at the same time … if we don’t take care of our people, then they will not be able to defend the country,” he said. “So you have to do both.”
As of Friday, the Pentagon said 978 service members had tested positive for the virus; 34 have been hospitalized, and one, a New Jersey Guardsman, has died. The Navy had the most cases of any service at 322.
In addition to the outbreak on an aircraft carrier, there have also been reports of dozens infected at the Marine Corps’ Parris Island boot camp, which stopped receiving new recruits this week to prevent the virus’s spread.
The Pentagon has made changes to address the crisis, including a global 60-day stop-movement order Esper issued in late March. But critics say Esper has acted too slowly and punted too many decisions.
“I think the Pentagon didn’t take this seriously as fast as they should have,” Rep. Jason CrowJason CrowHere are the lawmakers who have self-quarantined as a precaution Trump set to confront his impeachment foes Democratic impeachment manager shares quote from “Harry Potter’s” Dumbledore during trial MORE (D-Colo.) said in a phone interview with The Hill, referencing Esper’s answer to him at Feb. 26 House Armed Services Committee hearing that the Pentagon had not begun internal discussion on whether it needed more resources and funding for the coronavirus.
“You learn in military 101 training and leadership training that the first step of any kind of mission planning is you have to assess the threat,” said Crow, an Army Ranger veteran. “And as of Feb. 26, the fact that the Pentagon was not yet having those discussions tells me that they were getting at this problem too late. So here we are now in a crisis.”
While there is a balance between protecting service members’ health and continuing missions such as counterterrorism and preparing for so-called great-power competition with Russia and China, Crow said, he is “not seeing” leadership strike that balance.
“I just don’t have confidence, sitting here right now today, that there is enough of a will at the top and that they’re taking this seriously in the right way to conduct the global planning that’s necessary to both address those threats but protect the force from this pandemic and do both of those at the same time,” he said.
The House and Senate Armed Services committees were separately briefed by telephone this week on the Pentagon’s response to the virus. Officials on the calls included Thomas McCaffery, assistant secretary of Defense for health affairs; Ellen Lord, undersecretary of Defense for acquisition and sustainment; and Brig. Gen. Paul Friedrichs, Joint Staff surgeon.
After the Senate panel’s briefing, Chairman Jim InhofeJames (Jim) Mountain InhofeGOP senators urge Saudi Arabia to leave OPEC Overnight Defense: Stimulus bill has .5B for Pentagon | Money would be blocked from border wall | Esper orders 60-day freeze for overseas troop movements Senate panel switches to ‘paper hearings’ amid coronavirus pandemic MORE (R-Okla.) said military service leaders “need to set clear unit-level policies” to prevent the spread of the virus and “support unit leaders with the tools and resources needed to respond to and mitigate outbreaks as they occur.”
“While recognizing the need to continue critical military missions, the health and safety of our troops and their families must also be the top priority right now,” he said, adding that the Pentagon “shares that priority.”
He pointed to the situation on the USS Theodore Roosevelt aircraft carrier as exemplifying the “numerous and unique challenges” the military is facing with the virus.
The Navy’s handling of the outbreak on the Roosevelt, where more than 137 sailors tested positive for the virus as of Friday, ignited a firestorm this week.
The commander of the ship, Capt. Brett Crozier, wrote a letter to Navy leaders warning that sailors would die if he did not get permission to evacuate all but 10 percent of the 4,800-person crew. The San Francisco Chronicle obtained a copy of the letter and published it Tuesday.
On Thursday, the Navy removed Crozier from command of the ship, with acting Navy Secretary Thomas Modly announcing the decision in an extraordinary, hastily called news conference where he said Crozier failed to ensure the letter wasn’t leaked to the media.
Crozier’s decision to send a copy of the letter to dozens of people in the Navy “demonstrated extremely poor judgment in the middle of a crisis because what it’s done is it’s created a firestorm,” Modly said.
But the firing has led lawmakers to demand answers.
“I asked in our [Department of Defense] briefing this week: How many more Navy ships have COVID-19 infected sailors? There was no answer,” Sen. Richard Blumenthal (D-Conn.) tweeted Friday. “Possible virus hot spots at sea. Many lack adequate testing.”
Blumenthal, Sen. Chris Van HollenChristopher (Chris) Van HollenOvernight Defense: Lawmakers call for probe into aircraft carrier captain’s firing | Sailors cheer ousted commander | Hospital ship to ease screening process for patients Lawmakers call for investigation into aircraft carrier captain’s firing Lawmakers call for unemployment benefits for evacuated Peace Corps volunteers MORE (D-Md.) and 15 of their Democratic Senate colleagues asked the Pentagon’s inspector general Friday to open an investigation into Crozier’s firing and the outbreak on the Roosevelt, as did Democratic Reps. Ted LieuTed W. LieuTrump spars with reporter over Kushner’s ‘our stockpile’ remark Overnight Defense: Lawmakers call for probe into aircraft carrier captain’s firing | Sailors cheer ousted commander | Hospital ship to ease screening process for patients Lawmakers call for investigation into aircraft carrier captain’s firing MORE (Calif.) and Ruben GallegoRuben GallegoOvernight Defense: Lawmakers call for probe into aircraft carrier captain’s firing | Sailors cheer ousted commander | Hospital ship to ease screening process for patients Lawmakers call for investigation into aircraft carrier captain’s firing Lawmakers highlight flights back to DC for huge coronavirus vote MORE (Ariz.).
Sen. Jack ReedJohn (Jack) Francis ReedOvernight Defense: Stimulus bill has .5B for Pentagon | Money would be blocked from border wall | Esper orders 60-day freeze for overseas troop movements Senate panel switches to ‘paper hearings’ amid coronavirus pandemic Rand Paul’s coronavirus diagnosis sends shockwaves through Senate MORE (R.I.), the top Democrat on the Senate Armed Services Committee, said the incident on the Roosevelt raises “critical questions” about the Navy’s response to the virus.
“Should the Navy be doing more? What adjustments are they making?” Reed said in a statement. “The COVID-19 pandemic is urgent and evolving and it is incumbent upon the civilian and uniformed leadership to provide clear guidance not just to the committee, but to our forces and the American taxpayers.”