Lawmakers are quickly shifting their attention to a “phase four” coronavirus bill as the economic, health and social impacts of the pandemic unfold across the U.S.
Congress is set to pass a $2.2 trillion stimulus package — the largest in the nation’s history — as soon as Friday as lawmakers try to ward off a deep recession sparked by the outbreak.
But leadership and rank-and-file members in both chambers argue that even with the wide-reaching spending package, which includes help for individuals, small businesses and hard-hit industries, more legislation will be needed.
Senate Minority Leader Charles SchumerCharles (Chuck) Ellis SchumerLegal immigrants at risk of losing status during coronavirus pandemic Trump urges Congress to quickly pass trillion stimulus package Cuban says he’d spank daughter if she was partying during coronavirus pandemic MORE (D-N.Y.) said the “odds are high” Congress will need to do more.
“I think, the odds are, we will need new legislation, more legislation. First, we don’t know the extent of the crisis in terms of the magnitude, so that could rise. But there are going to be problems that we don’t realize now that we are going to have to grapple with,” Schumer said.
Speaker Nancy PelosiNancy PelosiThe Hill’s Morning Report – Presented by Airbnb – Senate overcomes hurdles, passes massive coronavirus bill Overnight Health Care — Presented by PCMA — Last-minute complaints threaten T coronavirus aid deal | What’s in the package | Pelosi scrambles to secure quick passage | Expanded testing shows signs of strain Pelosi: Democrats eyeing more cash payments in next emergency bill MORE (D-Calif.) added “we have some other things we want to do” and “there are so many things that we didn’t get in any of these bills yet, in the way that we need to.”
Lawmakers have already written three coronavirus response bills: The first was $8.3 billion, the second was $104 billion and the latest is estimated to be $2.2 trillion, though there has not been an official estimate from the nonpartisan Congressional Budget Office.
But leadership in both parties view the legislation that passed the Senate late Wednesday, and is expected to pass the House on Friday, as an attempt to provide a buffer that prevents the health care crisis and financial markets from worsening, not a bill that will spark an immediate economic recovery.
“This is not even a stimulus package — it is emergency relief. Emergency relief, that’s what this is,” Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnellAddison (Mitch) Mitchell McConnellThe Hill’s Morning Report – Presented by Airbnb – Senate overcomes hurdles, passes massive coronavirus bill Legal immigrants at risk of losing status during coronavirus pandemic Senate unanimously passes T coronavirus stimulus package MORE (R-Ky.) said ahead of the Senate vote.
Pelosi added that the massive bill was focused on “mitigation.”
The Dow Jones Industrial Average, which had cratered in recent weeks, pared back some of its losses Thursday by climbing to 22,523 after a low of 18,591 earlier in the crisis.
But there are signs of a deeper financial and health care crises on the horizon: Weekly unemployment claims soared to 3.3 million, according to government figures released Thursday, underscoring the pandemic’s devastating impact on the economy.
On top of that, New York hospitals say they are overwhelmed with coronavirus cases, and U.S. health officials are warning that similar local outbreaks could spread across the country.
How a fourth bill will come together, and what will be included in it, is still up for debate.
Both the House and Senate are out of town, likely slowing the prospects for a bipartisan deal. The return date for the House is unclear, while the Senate is set to return on April 20.
McConnell appeared to tip his hand to potential next legislative steps by keeping the door open to calling the Senate back earlier.
“The Senate is going to nimble. …If circumstances require the Senate to return for a vote sooner than April 20, we will provide at least 24 hours notice,” he said. “Let’s stay connected and continue to collaborate on the best ways to keep helping our states and our country through this pandemic.”
Sen. Roy BluntRoy Dean BluntSenate eyes quick exit after vote on coronavirus stimulus package Coronavirus anxiety spreads across Capitol Hill McConnell takes reins of third coronavirus bill MORE (R-Mo.) added that he expected key lawmakers would use the break to discuss and “get ready for whatever is phase four.”
But what ends up in any additional legislation will likely be determined by something that’s out of Congress’s control: the virus itself.
“I think it will be ongoing responses to the crisis. …That’s really what’s driving everything around here,” said Sen. John ThuneJohn Randolph ThuneThe Hill’s Morning Report – Presented by Airbnb – Senate overcomes hurdles, passes massive coronavirus bill Overnight Health Care — Presented by PCMA — Trump signals easing coronavirus restrictions | Tensions boil over as Senate fails to advance stimulus bill | Pelosi previews .5T House stimulus package Stimulus talks to miss McConnell’s Monday deadline MORE (S.D.), the No. 2 Republican senator.
Sen. Patrick LeahyPatrick Joseph LeahyDemocrats seek to increase supplemental funding bill to 0 billion Five sticking points to a T coronavirus deal Elbow bumps, Spock salutes: How Congress is dealing with coronavirus MORE (Vt.), the top Democrat on the Senate Appropriations Committee, added that unless the spread and impact of the virus quickly diminishes, more legislation is likely to be needed.
“Everybody would hope it’s enough, but for it to be enough that means the whole epidemic stops in a relatively short time,” he told reporters. “I think everyone is going on the assumption that we’re going to have to do more, because this will not stop.”
Who would take the lead on drafting a fourth bill is also uncertain. The first two measures were spearheaded by the House and Trump administration, particularly Treasury Secretary Steven MnuchinSteven Terner MnuchinThe Hill’s Morning Report – Presented by Airbnb – Senate overcomes hurdles, passes massive coronavirus bill Legal immigrants at risk of losing status during coronavirus pandemic Senate unanimously passes T coronavirus stimulus package MORE. Senate Republicans, meanwhile, wrote their own rescue package for the third bill before opening up negotiations with Democrats.
Pelosi outlined a list of items House Democrats want in additional legislation, including stronger worker protections, more funding for state and local governments, additional Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) funding, additional cash payments and free treatment for those who test positive.
But House Minority Leader Kevin McCarthyKevin Owen McCarthyHoyer says House expects to pass Coronavirus bill on Friday Overnight Health Care — Presented by PCMA — Last-minute complaints threaten T coronavirus aid deal | What’s in the package | Pelosi scrambles to secure quick passage | Expanded testing shows signs of strain McCarthy opposes unanimous consent on T coronavirus response MORE (R-Calif.) indicated Thursday that Congress first needs to allow time for the first three bills to be implemented, and to see their effect, before deciding on next steps.
“If something is needed in the future, let’s make that decision, but let’s not make that decision without allowing these bills to be put into the economy,” he told reporters.
White House director of legislative affairs Eric Ueland, asked if they’ve had discussions on a next phase, noted that they had largely been focused on finalizing the stimulus package but could continue discussions within the administration and with Congress.
“We know that there will be additional unfolding challenges for the economy, for families, for markets,” Ueland said. “We are happy to evaluate those challenges and see what if anything would be necessary from the legislative standpoint as well as the executive actions that the president and the administration can take.”